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Good to know: Minimum program requirements for LEED

Published on Posted in LEED

It's pretty simple - all projects applying for LEED certification must meet a set of minimum program requirements (MPRs). If a project doesn’t meet the MPRs, it’s not eligible for LEED certification. As you determine if LEED is right for your project, become familiar with these basic project requirements and know that they determine project eligibility for LEED.

Why are there minimum program requirements?

Minimum program requirements define the types of buildings that LEED was designed to evaluate. Taken together, they serve three goals: to give clear guidance to customers, to reduce complications that occur during the LEED certification process and  to protect the integrity of the LEED program.

What are the LEED v4 minimum program requirements?

Minimum Program Requirement #1: Must be in a permanent location on existing land

Intent: The LEED rating system is designed to evaluate buildings, spaces, and neighborhoods in the context of their surroundings. A significant portion of LEED requirements are dependent on the project’s location, therefore it is important that LEED projects are evaluated as permanent structures. Locating projects on existing land is important to avoid artificial land masses that have the potential to displace and disrupt ecosystems.

Requirements: All LEED projects must be constructed and operated on a permanent location on existing land. No project that is designed to move at any point in its lifetime may pursue LEED certification. This requirement applies to all land within the LEED project.

Minimum Program Requirement #2: Must use reasonable LEED boundaries

Intent: The LEED rating system is designed to evaluate buildings, spaces, or neighborhoods, and all environmental impacts associated with those projects. Defining a reasonable LEED boundary ensures that project is accurately evaluated.

Requirements: The LEED project boundary must include all contiguous land that is associated with the project and supports its typical operations. This includes land altered as a result of construction and features used primarily by the project’s occupants, such as hardscape (parking and sidewalks), septic or stormwater treatment equipment, and landscaping. The LEED boundary may not unreasonably exclude portions of the building, space, or site to give the project an advantage in complying with credit requirements. The LEED project must accurately communicate the scope of the certifying project in all promotional and descriptive materials and distinguish it from any non-certifying space.

Minimum Program Requirement #3: Must comply with project size requirements

Intent: The LEED rating system is designed to evaluate buildings, spaces, or neighborhoods of a certain size. The LEED requirements do not accurately assess the performance of projects outside of these size requirements. 

Requirements: All LEED projects must meet the size requirements listed below.

LEED BD+C and LEED O+M Rating Systems

The LEED project must include a minimum of 1,000 square feet (93 square meters) of gross floor area.

LEED ID+C Rating Systems

The LEED project must include a minimum of 250 square feet (22 square meters) of gross floor area.

LEED for Neighborhood Development Rating Systems

The LEED project should contain at least two habitable buildings and be no larger than 1500 acres.

LEED for Homes Rating Systems

The LEED project must be defined as a “dwelling unit” by all applicable codes. This requirement includes, but is not limited to, the International Residential Code stipulation that a dwelling unit must include “permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation.”

7 commentsLeave a comment

Architectural Assistant, City and County of San Francisco
Are stand-alone parking garages included in LEED v4?
Hi Viviana, Unless its a mixed use garage development (with some other functional uses like retail/office space as part of it), I believe dedicated parking garages as a whole are still ineligible for certification (as introduced by LEED 2009). The 10/1/2014 LEED v4 BD+C reference guide addenda included clarifications to the MPR (pgs 28-29), including the statement ....."Buildings or structures primarily dedicated to parking are not eligible for LEED certification. Parking that serves an eligible LEED project should be included in the certification." FYI- the issued addenda can be found here:
Architect - Interior Designer, Freelance
So like I understood LEED V4 has only 3 MPR's now and those are the one's valid for taking the leed v4 green assoc. exam not the one's from the 2009 version correct? Since Usgbc integrated MPR's 2,3 and 7 into: Must use reasonable LEED boundaries.
LEED Specialist, U.S. Green Building Council
Yes. That's correct, Carmen.
President/CEO, LeadingGreen Training and Consulting
Great summary. Were the other 4 MPRs from the 2009 rating system scrapped? If so, just wandering why?
U.S. Green Building Council
Hi Lorne, for the most part, the requirements conveyed by the LEED 2009 MPRs aren't changing. However, the rating system has evolved with LEED v4 and minor structural changes to the MPRs were needed to maintain alignment. For example, requirements like energy and water reporting, MPR 6 in LEED 2009, are now prerequisites in the LEED v4 rating system. Also, MPRs 2, 3, and 7 from LEED 2009 are now all incorporated into: "Must use reasonable LEED boundaries."
President/CEO, LeadingGreen Training and Consulting
Makes sense! Thanks Corey

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