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LEED BD+C: Core and Shell | v3 - LEED 2009

Heat island effect - roof

SSc7.2 | Possible 1 point

Intent

To reduce heat islands1 to minimize impacts on microclimates and human and wildlife habitats.

Requirements

Option 1

Use roofing materials with a solar reflectance index2 (SRI)equal to or greater than the values in the table below for a minimum of 75% of the roof surface.

Roofing materials having a lower SRI value than those listed below may be used if the weighted rooftop SRI average meets the following criteria:

Area Roof Meeting Minimum SRI
————————————————
Total Roof Area
x SRI of Installed Roof
——————————
Required SRI
75%

Alternatively, the following equation may be used to calculate compliance:

[ Area of Roof A x SRI of Roof A
———————
Required SRI
] + [ Area of Roof B x SRI of Roof B
———————
Required SRI
] + ... Total Roof Area
0.75

Roof Type Slope SRI
Low-sloped roof ≤ 2:12 78
Steep-sloped roof > 2:12 29

OR

Option 2

Install a vegetated roof that covers at least 50% of the roof area.

OR

Option 3

Install high-albedo and vegetated roof surfaces that, in combination, meet the following criteria:

Area Roof Meeting Minimum SRI
————————————————
0.75

+ Area of Vegetated Roof
——————————

0.5

Total Roof Area

Roof Type Slope SRI
Low-sloped roof ≤ 2:12 78
Steep-sloped roof > 2:12 29

Alternatively, a weighted approach may be used to calculate compliance for multiple materials:

1 Heat islands are defined as thermal gradient differences between developed and underdeveloped areas.
2 The solar reflectance index (SRI) is a measure of the constructed surface's ability to reflect solar heat, as shown by a small temperature rise. It is defined so that a standardblack surface (reflectance 0.05, emittance 0.90) is 0 and a standard white surface (reflectance 0.80, emittance 0.90) is 100. to calculate the SRI for a given material, obtain the reflectance value and emittance value for the material. SRI is calculated according to ASTM E 1980. Reflectance is measured according to ASTM E 903, ASTM E 1918, or ASTM C 1549. Emittance is measured according to ASTM E408 or ASTM C 1371.
3 For the purposes of this credit, under cover parking is defined as parking underground, under desk, under roof, or under a building.
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