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High priority locations

LT1.2 | Possible point

Intent

To encourage development within existing cities, suburbs, and towns to reduce adverse environmental and public health effects associated with sprawl. To reduce development pressure beyond the limits of existing development. To conserve natural and financial resources required for construction and maintenance of infrastructure.

To encourage project location in areas with development constraints and promote the health of the surrounding area.

To encourage project location in areas with development constraints and promote the health of the surrounding area.

To encourage project location in areas with development constraints and promote the health of the surrounding area.

Requirements

Achieve any combination of requirements in the following three options:

Option 1. Location type

Locate the project in one of the following locations:

  1. A previously developed site that is not an adjacent site or infill site (1 point).
  2. An adjacent site that is also a previously developed site (2 points).
  3. An infill site that is not a previously developed site (3 points).
  4. An infill site that is also a previously developed site (5 points).

AND/OR

Option 2. Connectivity

Locate the project in an area that has existing connectivity within 1/2 mile (800 meters) of the project boundary, as listed to Table 1.

Table 1. Points for connectivity within 1/2 mile (800 meters) of project

Intersections per square mile Intersections per
square kilometer
Points
≥ 200 and < 250 ≥ 78 and < 97 1
≥ 250 and < 300 ≥97 and < 116 2
≥ 300 and < 350 ≥116 and < 135 3
≥ 350 and < 400 ≥135 and < 154 4
≥ 400 ≥ 154 5

Intersections within the site may be counted if the intersections were not constructed or funded by the developer within the past ten years.

Option 3. Designated high-priority locations

Achieve the following (3 points):

  • Earn at least 2 points under NPD Credit 4, Mixed-Income Diverse Communities, Option 2, Affordable Housing.
  • In addition, locate the project in one of the following high-priority redevelopment areas: EPA National Priorities List, Federal Empowerment Zone, Federal Enterprise Community, Federal Renewal Community, Department of Justice Weed and Seed Strategy Community, Department of the Treasury Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Qualified Low-Income Community (a subset of the New Markets Tax Credit Program), or the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Qualified Census Tract (QCT) or Difficult Development Area (DDA) or a local equivalent program administered at the national level for projects outside the United States.
Option 1. Location type (1-5 points)

Locate the project in one of the following locations:

Option 2. Connectivity

Locate the project in an area that has existing connectivity, as listed in Table 1. Measure connectivity one of two ways:

  • within 1/2 mile (800 meters) of the project boundary; or
  • within the project and within ½ mile (800 meters) of the project boundary.
  • Intersections within the site may be counted if the intersections were not constructed or funded by the developer within the past ten years.

    Intersections per square mile Intersections per
    square kilometer
    Points
    ≥ 200 and < 250 ≥ 78 and < 97 1
    ≥ 250 and < 300 ≥97 and < 116 2
    ≥ 300 and < 350 ≥116 and < 135 3
    ≥ 350 and < 400 ≥135 and < 154 4
    ≥ 400 ≥ 154 5

    To encourage the reuse of land by developing sites that are complicated by environmental contamination, thereby reducing pressure on undeveloped land.

    Option 1. Brownfield sites (1 point)

    Locate the project on a site, part or all of which is documented as contaminated (by means of an ASTM E1903-97 Phase II Environmental Site Assessment, a local equivalent for projects outside the U.S., a local equivalent for projects outside the U.S, or a local Voluntary Cleanup Program), or on a site defined as a brownfield by a local, state, or national government agency; and remediate site contamination such that the controlling government authority approves the protective measures and/or cleanup as effective, safe, and appropriate for the future use of the site.

    OR

    Option 2. High-priority redevelopment areas (2 points)

    Achieve the requirements in Option 1;

    AND

    Locate the project in one of the following high-priority redevelopment areas: EPA National Priorities List, Federal Empowerment Zone, Federal Enterprise Community, Federal Renewal Community, Department of Justice Weed and Seed Strategy Community, Department of the Treasury Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Qualified Low-Income Community (a subset of the New Markets Tax Credit Program), or the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Qualified Census Tract (QCT) or Difficult Development Area (DDA), or a local equivalent program administered at the national level for projects outside the United States.

    Option 1.

    Locate the development footprint on land that has been previously developed.

    OR

    Option 2.

    Locate the development footprint on land that has been previously developed or that does not meet the following criteria for sensitive land:

    • Prime farmland. prime farmland, unique farmland, or farmland of statewide or local importance as defined by the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 7, Volume 6, Parts 400 to 699, Section 657.5 (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.) and identified in a state Natural Resources Conservation Service soil survey (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.).
    • Floodplains: a flood hazard area shown on a legally adopted flood hazard map or otherwise legally designated by the local jurisdiction or the state. For projects in places without legally adopted flood hazard maps or legal designations, locate on a site that is entirely outside any floodplain subject to a 1% or greater chance of flooding in any given year.
    • Habitat: Land that is identified as habitat for the following:
      • species listed as threatened or endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act or the state’s endangered species act, or
      • species or ecological communities classified by NatureServe as GH (possibly extinct), G1 (critically imperiled), or G2 (imperiled), or
      • species listed as threatened or endangered specifies under local equivalent standards (for projects outside the U.S.) that are not covered by NatureServe data.
    • Water bodies: Areas on or within 100 feet (30 meters) of a water body, except for minor improvements.
    • Wetlands: Areas on or within 50 feet (15 meters) of a wetland, except for minor improvements.

    Minor improvements within the wetland and water body buffers may be undertaken to enhance appreciation of them, provided such facilities are open to all building users. Only the following improvements are considered minor:

    • Bicycle and pedestrian pathways no more than 12 feet wide (3.5 meters), of which no more than 8 feet (2.5 meters) may be impervious;
    • Activities to maintain or restore native natural communities and/or natural hydrology;
    • One single-story structure per 300 linear feet (90 linear meters) on average, not exceeding 500 square feet (45 square meters);
    • Grade changes necessary to ensure public access;
    • Clearings, limited to one per 300 linear feet (90 linear meters) on average, not exceeding 500 square feet (45 square meters) each;
    • Removal of the following tree types:
      • Hazardous trees, up to 75% of dead trees
      • Trees less than 6 inches (150 millimeters) diameter at breast height
      • Up to 20% of trees more than 6 inches (150 millimeters) diameter at breast height with a condition rating of 40% or higher.
      • Trees under 40% condition rating
        The condition rating must be based on an assessment by an arborist certified by the International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) using ISA standard measures, or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.
    • Brownfield remediation activities.
    Option 1. Historic district (1 point BD&C except Core and Shell, 2 points Core and Shell)

    Locate the project on an infill location in a historic district.

    Option 2. Priority designation (1 point BD&C except Core and Shell, 2 points Core and Shell)

    Locate the project on one of the following:

    • a site listed by the EPA National Priorities List;
    • a Federal Empowerment Zone site;
    • a Federal Enterprise Community site;
    • a Federal Renewal Community site;
    • a Department of the Treasury Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Qualified Low-Income Community (a subset of the New Markets Tax Credit Program);
    • a site in a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Qualified Census Tract (QCT) or Difficult Development Area (DDA); or
    • a local equivalent program administered at the national level for projects outside the U.S.
    • Option 3. Designated high-priority locations (3 points)

      Earn at least 2 points under NPDc4 Housing Types and Affordable Housing, Option 2, Affordable Housing.
      AND
      Locate the project on one of the following:

      • a site listed by the EPA National Priorities List;
      • a Federal Empowerment Zone site;
      • a Federal Enterprise Community site;
      • a Federal Renewal Community site;
      • a Department of the Treasury Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Qualified Low-Income Community (a subset of the New Markets Tax Credit Program);
      • a site in a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Qualified Census Tract (QCT) or Difficult Development Area (DDA); or
      • a local equivalent program administered at a national level for projects outside the U.S.
      • Option 3. Brownfield remediation (2 points BD&C except Core and Shell, 3 points Core and Shell)

        Locate on a brownfield where soil or groundwater contamination has been identified, and where the local, state, or national authority (whichever has jurisdiction) requires its remediation. Perform remediation to the satisfaction of that authority.

        Option 1. Historic district (1 point BD&C except Core and Shell, 2 points Core and Shell)

        Locate the project on an infill location in a historic district.

        OR

        Option 2. Priority designation (1 point BD&C except Core and Shell, 2 points Core and Shell)

        Locate the project on one of the following:

        • a site listed by the EPA National Priorities List;
        • a Federal Empowerment Zone site;
        • a Federal Enterprise Community site;
        • a Federal Renewal Community site;
        • a Department of the Treasury Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Qualified Low-Income Community (a subset of the New Markets Tax Credit Program);
        • a site in a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Qualified Census Tract (QCT) or Difficult Development Area (DDA); or
        • a local equivalent program administered at the national level for projects outside the U.S.
        • Option 3. Brownfield remediation (2 points BD&C except Core and Shell, 3 points Core and Shell)

          Locate on a brownfield where soil or groundwater contamination has been identified, and where the local, state, or national authority (whichever has jurisdiction) requires its remediation. Perform remediation to the satisfaction of that authority.

          Option 1. Historic district (1 point BD&C except Core and Shell, 2 points Core and Shell)

          Locate the project on an infill location in a historic district.

          OR

          Option 2. Priority designation (1 point BD&C except Core and Shell, 2 points Core and Shell)

          Locate the project on one of the following:

          • a site listed by the EPA National Priorities List;
          • a Federal Empowerment Zone site;
          • a Federal Enterprise Community site;
          • a Federal Renewal Community site;
          • a Department of the Treasury Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Qualified Low-Income Community (a subset of the New Markets Tax Credit Program);
          • a site in a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Qualified Census Tract (QCT) or Difficult Development Area (DDA); or
          • a local equivalent program administered at the national level for projects outside the U.S.
          • Option 3. Brownfield remediation (2 points BD&C except Core and Shell, 3 points Core and Shell)

            Locate on a brownfield where soil or groundwater contamination has been identified, and where the local, state, or national authority (whichever has jurisdiction) requires its remediation. Perform remediation to the satisfaction of that authority.

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