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Sustainable purchasing policy

MRp1 | Possible point

Intent

To reduce the environmental harm from materials purchased, used, and disposed of in the operations within buildings.

To reduce the environmental and air quality impacts of the materials acquired for use in the operations and maintenance of buildings.

To reduce the environmental harm from materials purchased, used, and disposed of in the operations within buildings.

Establish and maintain a toxic material source reduction program to reduce the amount of mercury brought into buildings through purchases of light bulbs.

To reduce the environmental harm from materials purchased, used, and disposed of in the operations within buildings.

To reduce the environmental harm from materials purchased, used, and disposed of in the operations within buildings.

To reduce the environmental harm from materials purchased, used, and disposed of in the operations within buildings.

To reduce the environmental harm from materials purchased, used, and disposed of in the operations within buildings.

Requirements

Have in place an Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) policy that includes, at a minimum, product purchasing policies for the building and site addressing the requirements of MR Credit 1: Sustainable Purchasing—Ongoing Consumables. This policy must adhere to the LEED 2009 for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance policy model (see Introduction). At a minimum, the policy must cover those product purchases that are within the building and site management’s control.

Additionally, extend the EPP policy to include product purchasing policies for the building and site addressing the requirements of at least 1 of the credits listed below. This extended policy must also adhere to the LEED 2009 for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance policy model and specifically address the goal, scope and performance metric for the respective credit:

  • MR Credit 2.1: Sustainable Purchasing—Electric-Powered Equipment

  • MR Credit 2.2: Sustainable Purchasing—Furniture
  • MR Credit 3: Sustainable Purchasing—Facility Alterations and Additions
  • MR Credit 4: Sustainable Purchasing—Reduced Mercury in Lamps

This prerequisite requires only policies, not ongoing actual sustainable performance.

Maintain a sustainable purchasing program covering materials with a low cost per unit that are regularly used and replaced through the course of business. These materials include at a minimum, paper (printing or copy paper, notebooks, notepads, envelopes), toner cartridges, binders, batteries and desk accessories. Food and beverages are excluded from this credit but are covered under MR Credit 5. Sustainable Purchasing - Food. For materials that may be considered either ongoing consumables or durable goods (see MR Credits 2.1 and 2.2), the project team is free to decide which category to put them in as long as consistency is maintained with MR Credits 2.1 and 2.2, with no contradictions, exclusions or double-counting. Consistency must also be maintained with MR Credit 7.

A template calculator for MR c1 is available in LEED Online 3 as a credit submittal. One point is awarded to projects that achieve sustainable purchases of at least 60%, of total purchases (by cost) during the performance period. Sustainable purchases are those that meet one or more of the following criteria:

  • Purchases contain at least 10% postconsumer and/or 20% postindustrial material.

  • Purchases contain at least 50% rapidly renewable materials.
  • Purchases contain at least 50% materials harvested and processed or extracted and processed within a 500 mile (800 kilometer) radius of the project. Building materials or products shipped by rail or water have been extracted, harvested or recovered, as well as manufactured within a 500 mile (800 kilometer) total travel distance of the project site using a weighted average determined through the following formula:
    (Distance by rail/3) + (Distance by inland waterway/2) + (Distance by sea/15) + (Distance by all other means) ≤ 500 miles [800 kilometers]

  • Purchases consist of at least 50% Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)–certified paper products.
  • Batteries are rechargeable.

Each purchase can receive credit for each sustainable criterion met (i.e., a $100 purchase that contains both 10% postconsumer recycled content and 50% of content harvested within 500 miles of the project counts twice in the calculation, for a total of $200 of sustainable purchasing).

Ongoing consumables must be purchased during the performance period to earn points in this credit.

Credit substitution available

You may use the LEED v4 version of this credit on v2009 projects. For more information check out this article.

Have in place an Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) policy that includes, at a minimum, product purchasing policies for the building and site addressing the requirements of MR Credit 1, Sustainable Purchasing: Ongoing Consumables. This policy must adhere to the LEED for Existing Buildings: O&M policy model (see Introduction). At a minimum, the policy must cover those product purchases that are within the building and site management’s control.

Additionally, extend the EPP policy to include product purchasing policies for the building and site addressing the requirements of at least one of the credits listed below. This extended policy must also adhere to the LEED for Existing Buildings: O&M policy model and specifically address the goal, scope and performance metric for the respective credit:

  • MR Credit 2: Sustainable Purchasing—Durable Goods
  • MR Credit 3: Sustainable Purchasing—Facility Alterations and Additions
  • MR Credit 4: Toxic Material Source Reduction—Reduced Mercury in Lamps

This prerequisite requires only policies, not ongoing actual sustainable performance.

  • Maintain mercury content of all mercury-containing light bulbs below 100 picograms per lumen hour, on weighted average, for all mercury-containing light bulbs acquired for the existing building and associated grounds.
  • The weighted average mercury content of these mercury-containing light bulbs is calculated by: 1) adding up the total weight of mercury in all the mercury-containing light bulbs acquired during the performance period (picograms of Hg); and then, 2) dividing total mercury content (picograms of Hg) by the sum of the lumen hour output of all the light bulbs (lumen hours: calculated by multiplying the rated hours (life) of each light bulb by the mean light output in lumens).
    • Rated hours of life are defined as stated by the manufacturer based on consistent testing (three hours on/20 minutes off for linear fluorescents and compact fluorescents; 11 hours on for HID light bulbs) and are based on the design or mean light output of the light bulbs (in lumens, fluorescent light bulbs measured with a ballast having a ballast factor of 1.0 and measured using instant-start ballasts except for T-5s, which are measured using program start ballasts).
    • The mean light output in lumens is the light output at 40% of light bulb life.
    • These calculations need to show for all acquired mercury containing light bulbs:
      • The total mercury content in the light bulbs.
      • The total lumen hours of light output for all the light bulbs.
      • The number of light bulbs of each type.
      • The overall weighted average mercury content in picograms/lumen hour.
    • If the mercury content documentation shows a range of mercury contents in milligrams, use the highest value in the range in these calculations.
Establishment
Environmentally preferable purchasing

Have in place an environmentally preferable purchasing (EPP) policy for products purchased during regular operations of the building. Include at a minimum:

  • Ongoing Purchases

    • The five most purchased product categories based on total annual purchases.

    • Paper, toner cartridges, binders, batteries, and desk accessories.
    • Lamps (indoor and outdoor, hard-wired and portable fixtures)
    • Food (required for EBOM Schools and Hospitality only)
  • Durable Goods Purchases

    • Office equipment, appliances, and audiovisual equipment

    • Electric powered equipment

The policy should address the criteria in the following credits:

  • Materials and Resources Credit: Purchasing—Ongoing

  • Materials and Resources Credit: Purchasing—Lamps

The policy must cover at least those product purchases within the building and site management’s control.

Solid Waste Management

Establish storage locations for recyclable materials, including mixed paper, corrugated cardboard, glass, plastics, and metals. Establish safe storage areas for batteries and mercury-containing lamps.

Have in place an environmentally preferable solid waste management policy that addresses reuse, recycling, or composting of products purchased during regular operations of the building. Include at a minimum:

  • Ongoing waste

    • The five most purchased product categories based on total annual purchases.

    • Food (required for EBOM Schools and Hospitality only)
  • Durable goods waste

    • Office equipment, appliances, and audiovisual equipment

    • Electric powered equipment
  • Hazardous Waste
    • Safe disposal of batteries and lamps (indoor and outdoor, hard-wired and portable fixtures)

The policy must cover at least those product purchases within the building and site management’s control.

Performance

Maintain a high-performing solid waste management program by conducting a waste stream audit of ongoing consumables at least once every five years or by diverting 75% of ongoing waste and achieving Materials and Resources Credit Solid Waste Management—Ongoing.

In addition to the requirements above, retail projects should promote environmentally responsible sourcing of retail merchandise through one of the four following options.

Option 1. supply chain survey

Establish a supply chain survey.

The survey should collect information from each supplier regarding the following:

  • social equity practices;

  • energy and carbon reduction measures;
  • material selection practices for products, packaging, and distribution;
  • waste reduction and waste management measures; and
  • human health protection measures.
Option 2. supply chain education program for retail employees and/or retail tenant representatives

Establish a program to inform employees and tenants engaged in merchandise purchasing, packaging, and distribution about environmentally preferable supply chain strategies.

Include the following in the education program:

  • environmental best practices for supply chain decisions;
  • resources for additional information; and
  • internal contacts for more information.
      Option 3. supply chain environmental criteria list

      Establish criteria for retail products encouraging an environmentally preferable supply chain strategy addressing the following areas:

      • purchasing;

      • materials handling and packaging;
      • inventory;
      • materials recovery during manufacturing;
      • waste disposal; and
      • product take-back.
      Option 4. sustainable purchasing education for customers

      Install an educational program display for customers displaying environmental initiatives that the store has implemented. The educational display should incorporate information that includes the supply chain environmental criteria listed in Option 3.

      Establishment

      Environmentally preferable purchasing

      Have in place an environmentally preferable purchasing (EPP) policy for products purchased during regular operations of the building. Include at a minimum:

      • Ongoing Purchases

        • The five most purchased product categories based on total annual purchases.

        • Paper, toner cartridges, binders, batteries, and desk accessories.
        • Lamps (indoor and outdoor, hard-wired and portable fixtures)
        • Food (required for EBOM Schools and Hospitality only)
      • Durable Goods Purchases

        • Office equipment, appliances, and audiovisual equipment

        • Electric powered equipment

      The policy should address the criteria in the following credits:

      • Materials and Resources Credit: Purchasing—Ongoing

      • Materials and Resources Credit: Purchasing—Lamps

      The policy must cover at least those product purchases within the building and site management’s control.

      Solid Waste Management

      Establish storage locations for recyclable materials, including mixed paper, corrugated cardboard, glass, plastics, and metals. Establish safe storage areas for batteries and mercury-containing lamps.

      Have in place an environmentally preferable solid waste management policy that addresses reuse, recycling, or composting of products purchased during regular operations of the building. Include at a minimum:

      • Ongoing waste

        • The five most purchased product categories based on total annual purchases.

        • Food (required for EBOM Schools and Hospitality only)
      • Durable goods waste

        • Office equipment, appliances, and audiovisual equipment

        • Electric powered equipment
      • Hazardous Waste
        • Safe disposal of batteries and lamps (indoor and outdoor, hard-wired and portable fixtures)

      The policy must cover at least those product purchases within the building and site management’s control.

      Performance

      Maintain a high-performing solid waste management program by conducting a waste stream audit of ongoing consumables at least once every five years or by diverting 75% of ongoing waste and achieving Materials and Resources Credit Solid Waste Management—Ongoing.

      Establishment

      Environmentally preferable purchasing

      Have in place an environmentally preferable purchasing (EPP) policy for products purchased during regular operations of the building. Include at a minimum:

      • Ongoing Purchases

        • The five most purchased product categories based on total annual purchases.

        • Paper, toner cartridges, binders, batteries, and desk accessories.
        • Lamps (indoor and outdoor, hard-wired and portable fixtures)
        • Food (required for EBOM Schools and Hospitality only)
      • Durable Goods Purchases

        • Office equipment, appliances, and audiovisual equipment

        • Electric powered equipment

      The policy should address the criteria in the following credits:

      • Materials and Resources Credit: Purchasing—Ongoing

      • Materials and Resources Credit: Purchasing—Lamps

      The policy must cover at least those product purchases within the building and site management’s control.

      Solid Waste Management

      Establish storage locations for recyclable materials, including mixed paper, corrugated cardboard, glass, plastics, and metals. Establish safe storage areas for batteries and mercury-containing lamps.

      Have in place an environmentally preferable solid waste management policy that addresses reuse, recycling, or composting of products purchased during regular operations of the building. Include at a minimum:

      • Ongoing waste

        • The five most purchased product categories based on total annual purchases.

        • Food (required for EBOM Schools and Hospitality only)
      • Durable goods waste

        • Office equipment, appliances, and audiovisual equipment

        • Electric powered equipment
      • Hazardous Waste
        • Safe disposal of batteries and lamps (indoor and outdoor, hard-wired and portable fixtures)

      The policy must cover at least those product purchases within the building and site management’s control.

      In addition to the requirements above, retail projects should promote environmentally responsible sourcing of retail merchandise through one of the four following options.

      Option 1. supply chain survey

      Establish a supply chain survey.

      The survey should collect information from each supplier regarding the following:

      • social equity practices;

      • energy and carbon reduction measures;
      • material selection practices for products, packaging, and distribution;
      • waste reduction and waste management measures; and
      • human health protection measures.

      OR

      Option 2. supply chain education program for retail employees and/or retail tenant representatives

      Establish a program to inform employees and tenants engaged in merchandise purchasing, packaging, and distribution about environmentally preferable supply chain strategies.

      Include the following in the education program:

      • environmental best practices for supply chain decisions;
      • resources for additional information; and
      • internal contacts for more information.
          Option 3. supply chain environmental criteria list

          Establish criteria for retail products encouraging an environmentally preferable supply chain strategy addressing the following areas:

          • purchasing;

          • materials handling and packaging;
          • inventory;
          • materials recovery during manufacturing;
          • waste disposal; and
          • product take-back.
          Option 4. sustainable purchasing education for customers

          Install an educational program display for customers displaying environmental initiatives that the store has implemented. The educational display should incorporate information that includes the supply chain environmental criteria listed in Option 3.

          Performance

          Maintain a high-performing solid waste management program by conducting a waste stream audit of ongoing consumables at least once every five years or by diverting 75% of ongoing waste and achieving Materials and Resources Credit Solid Waste Management—Ongoing.

          Have in place an Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) policy that includes, at a minimum, product purchasing policies for the building and site addressing the requirements of MR Credit 1: Sustainable Purchasing—Ongoing Consumables. This policy must adhere to the LEED 2009 for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance policy model (see Introduction). At a minimum, the policy must cover those product purchases that are within the building and site management’s control.

          Additionally, extend the EPP policy to include product purchasing policies for the building and site addressing the requirements of at least 1 of the credits listed below. This extended policy must also adhere to the LEED 2009 for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance policy model and specifically address the goal, scope and performance metric for the respective credit:

          • MR Credit 2.1: Sustainable Purchasing—Electric-Powered Equipment

          • MR Credit 2.2: Sustainable Purchasing—Furniture
          • MR Credit 3: Sustainable Purchasing—Facility Alterations and Additions
          • MR Credit 4: Sustainable Purchasing—Reduced Mercury in Lamps

          This prerequisite requires only policies, not ongoing actual sustainable performance.

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