Entry Type ID Date Applicable Rating System Primary Credit Inquiry (LIs) Ruling (LIs) Related Addenda/LIs Related Resources Campus Applicable Internationally Applicable Country Applicability Reference Guide (Addenda) Page (Addenda) Location (Addenda) Description of Change (Addenda) "Reference Guide Correction" "100000363" "2010-07-19" "New Construction, Schools - New Construction, Core and Shell" "None" "None" "Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition" "310" "6. Calculations" "In the first bulleted item, replace the text with ""Refrigerant charge (Rc) in pounds of refrigerant per ton of Gross ARI rated cooling capacity.""" "Reference Guide Correction" "100000364" "2009-11-02" "New Construction, Core and Shell, Schools - New Construction" "None" "Enhanced refrigerant management addenda 11/02/2009" "Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition" "311" "Second paragraph" "Beginning in the second line of the paragraph beginning with ""Refrigerant leakage rate (Lr)...,"" remove text as indicated in the supplemental document." "Reference Guide Correction" "100000365" "2010-07-19" "New Construction, Schools - New Construction, Core and Shell" "None" "None" "Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition" "311" "Text below third box" "Replace the text with ""If there are multiple pieces of base building HVAC&R equipment, use a weighted average of all equipment, based on Gross ARI rated cooling capacity:""" "Rating System Correction, Reference Guide Correction" "100000878" "2011-05-09" "New Construction, Schools - New Construction, Core and Shell, Retail - New Construction, Healthcare" "None" "None" "Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition $ Retail Supplement to Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition $ Healthcare Supplement to Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition" "BD+C RG: 305, NC RS: 41, CS RS: 43, Schools RS: 44,
Retail-NC RG supp: 79, Retail-NC RS: 38,
HC RG supp: 139, HC RS: 45" "Requirements" "Update equation on bottom of page to read:\n\n? (LCGWP + LCODP x 105) x Qunit ? 100\n Qtotal" "Reference Guide Correction" "100000881" "2011-05-09" "New Construction, Schools - New Construction, Core and Shell, Retail - New Construction, Healthcare" "None" "None" "Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition" "BD+C RG: 311" "Bottom of page" "Replace the two bulleted items with the following:\n?Qunit = Gross ARI rated cooling capacity of an individual HVAC or refrigeration unit (tons)\n?Qtotal = Total Gross ARI rated cooling capacity of all HVAC or refrigeration" "Reference Guide Correction" "100001704" "2012-10-01" "New Construction, Core and Shell, Schools - New Construction" "None" "None" "Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition $ Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 Edition, updated June 2010 " "BD+C RG: 314" "Definitions, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)" "Replace the definition of ""chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)"" with ""a compound of carbon, hydrogen, chlorine and fluorine, once commonly used in refrigeration, that depletes the stratospheric ozone layer.""" "Global ACP" "100001256" "2012-07-06" "New Construction, Core and Shell, Schools - New Construction" "None" "None" "X" "Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition $ Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 Edition, updated June 2010" "NC RS: 47, CS RS: 47, Schools RS: 52" "Requirements" "Add ""[0.227 kg]"" after both instances of ""0.5 pounds""" "LEED Interpretation" "10039" "2011-05-09" "New Construction, Existing Buildings, Core and Shell, Schools - New Construction" "In the calculation of EAc4, is it acceptable to count the quantitative cooling loads addressed directly by the direct/indirect evaporative cooling units, that would otherwise be met with chillers, so that the refrigerant in walk-in refrigerators is not given an unfair weight in the calculations?" "As the walk-in refrigerators are not part of the base building HVAC systems they are excluded from the requirements of this credit, provided that the total capacity of this equipment represents less than 15% of the total building installed HVAC capacity.\n\n **Update October 1, 2013: Per the rating system requirements, all refrigeration included as part of the scope of work of the project, and having more than 0.5 pounds of refrigerant must be included in the EA Credit 4 analysis, not matter what percentage of the overall HVAC capacity. This interpretation only allows exclusion of walk-in refrigerators that are not part of the base building (meaning that these systems are outside of the scope of work of the project)." "None" "None" "X" "LEED Interpretation" "1865" "2007-08-27" "New Construction, Core and Shell, Schools - New Construction" "EA Credit 4 has been restructured between LEED-NC 2.1 & 2.2 to take into account the global warming impacts of HVAC equipment. The premise is that HFC refrigerants, preferred for their low ozone depletion potential, are less efficient than their CFC and HCFC counterparts, and thus cause more emissions from electricity generation. The formula developed guides applicants to utilize systems and refrigerants that optimize global warming and ozone depletion reductions, and uses the ratio of refrigerant to cooling capacity as a measure. We believe that refrigerant charge is a good indicator of Ozone Depletion Potential, but not of Global Warming Potential. Our experience with numerous projects, including supermarket and school projects, all of which use packaged rooftop units and ductless split systems, has created confusion and conflicting rewards in the goal of using less refrigerant. Case in point, the Trane 5-ton standard efficiency packaged rooftop unit has a refrigerant charge of 1.88 lbs/ton (meets the criteria of the credit as written) and uses 1.05 kW/ton, while the Trane 5-ton High Efficiency has a refrigerant charge of 2.5 lbs/ton (does NOT meet the criteria of the credit) and uses 0.95 kW/ton. The high-efficiency unit uses 10% less electricity, but still does not meet the credit despite a reduction in emissions due to less electricity used. This example is typical of major HVAC manufacturers of packaged rooftop units, and not simply an anomaly. Furthermore, supermarkets are heavy users of refrigeration equipment, and almost always utilize remote condensers and heat rejecters to prevent excess heat loads within the sales area. The refrigerated cases and freezers are connected to the condensers through refrigerant lines, typically using the HFC refrigerant R404a. The constraints of the building type and the distance between the heat rejection equipment and the cases necessitates using large amounts of refrigerant, sometimes up to 6 lbs/ton, and cannot possibly meet the criteria of the credit. The mere existence of this equipment precludes supermarket buildings from receiving this credit, despite the use of environmentally friendly refrigerants and waste heat recovery technology to assist in dehumidification and hot water heating. Similarly, the credit does not directly address the use of ductless split systems. This type of unit is most effective for conditioning spaces that are difficult to reach with traditional ductwork, and by nature must use refrigerant to connect the condensing unit to the fan coil unit. The quantity of refrigerant is indicative of the distance between the two and not necessarily of the efficiency of the unit. In the context of the supermarket building type: 1) Should we specify less efficient HVAC equipment that meets the credit instead of pursuing increased energy efficiency? Does that meet the intent of the credit? 2) Can we exclude the refrigeration equipment from this calculation? If not, what is the best practice recommended to achieve this credit, as the current criteria are unreachable? 3) Can the limit for ductless split systems be raised, or does achievement of this credit create a de facto requirement to eliminate use of these types of systems? Please contact Andrew Ellsworth at andrew@evolveea.com or 412.362.2100 to obtain supporting documentation for this CIR in the form of charts, graphs and cut sheets. This information is critical to understanding the issue being raised." "The inquiry deals with the applicability of this credit for supermarkets. It should be noted that not all of the LEED credits apply to every projects, or are easily achievable for all projects. The credits applicable to a project are dependent on a number of factors including, but not limited to, building type, location, size, program and function. The specific building constraints of a supermarket need to be factored into any decisions for the systems selected. For example, in some supermarkets, non-refrigerant based secondary loops have been applied successfully both for cooling and heat recovery. It should be noted that larger refrigerant charges lead to the potential of larger refrigerant leaks, and the issues associated with emissions at source are not directly tied to this credit. This credit can also be awarded to projects that do not use any refrigerants. Per the LEED-NC v2.2 Reference Guide, page 213, this credit addresses only the direct atmospheric impact of refrigerant selection and management decisions. The indirect global warming impact of refrigerants in HVAC&R equipment is addressed in EAc1, which credits the energy savings associated with more efficient equipment. Applicable Internationally. " "None" "None" "X" "LEED Interpretation" "2444" "2009-02-03" "New Construction, Existing Buildings, Core and Shell, Schools - New Construction" "The intent of Energy and Atmosphere Credit 4, Enhanced Refrigerant Management is to Reduce ozone depletion and support early compliance with the Montreal Protocol while minimizing direct contributions to global warming. Our project is a high-rise mixed use (mostly residential, but partly retail and commercial) building being built in a new section of Dubai and will be connected to a new District Cooling Plant using HFC-134a for all of its cooling demand. The project has no small HVAC or Refrigerant systems and plans to use in-ceiling sprinklers for fire suppression in corridors and occupied spaces in the building. Local code requires that the electronic building management equipment room (an area comprising less than 1% of GFA) for the building employ a different system for fire suppression utilizing the compound FM200. This is a chemical suppression system made by Dupont Chemical company. Upon our initial research, FM200 appeared to be noncompliant with Montreal Protocol Phase out efforts because a key ingredient in production of FM200 is HCFC-22. However, according to the manufacturer, the HCFC-22 is used and entirely consumed (except for trace quantities) in the production of FM200. In other words, the HCFC-22 is used in the chemical reaction required to create the fire suppression chemical, the reaction causes the HCFC to be changed to an HFC (HFC-227ea as listed on the manufacturer\'s MSDS at http://msds.dupont.com/msds/pdfs/EN/PEN_09004a358037d86b.pdf). As a result, by the time the product arrives packaged at our project site it is no longer an HCFC. In the event of release through leakage or a fire, this chemical will not contribute to ozone depletion. We believe that this product should not negate our capacity to achieve EA Credit 4 as the final use product is, in fact, an HFC. Please confirm that our approach to this credit is correct and will meet the intent and requirements of the credit." "The applicant is requesting clarification if the proposed FM200 based fire suppression system meets the requirements of EAc4. Based on the narrative and the manufacturer\'s MSDS, it appears that only minimal traces of HCFC-22 are left in the product after manufacturing, and therefore appears to meet the intent of the credit. Provide documentation from manufacturer informing what ""traces"" mean and quantities present. Applicable Internationally; UAE." "None" "None" "X" "LEED Interpretation" "5271" "2007-09-10" "Core and Shell" "The developer of our project controls the design and construction of the entire core and shell building but has no control over the tenant fit out. The tenant is not participating in any LEED initiatives for the project. Any aspect of the building that falls under the tenant fit out, is being excluded from the LEED CS project scope, and is not included in what we refer to as ""base building"". The tenant fit-up is however being completed at the same time as base building. The base building Mechanical Consultant is providing equipment that is compliant with the requirements of this credit. The base building mechanical design consists of permanently installed units to provide cooling and conditioning of the base building for the initial tenant but also for future occupants of the building. The base building fire suppression system is also compliant with the credit requirements. The initial tenant is including large food serving and preparation areas that will require supplementary cooling equipment for air conditioning of spaces, and refrigeration for food storage. This equipment will remain the property of the tenant and would be removed upon termination of the tenant lease. The equipment installed by the tenant is not likely to comply with the requirements of this credit and is larger than the provided ""Small HVAC"" exemption criteria. Please confirm whether this credit can be obtained under LEED Core and Shell ""without making any requirement of a tenant"" (LEED CS Pg. 18), effectively exempting the tenant supplied equipment as not under the base building and therefore Core and Shell scope?" "As the equipment of concern is outside of the current scope of work, is limited to tenant fit-out and would be removed upon termination of the lease, it can be excluded from the credit submittal. It is recommended that tenants will be provided with information regarding this credit and strongly encouraged to comply with the intent, goals and requirements of the credit. Applicable Internationally. " "None" "None" "X" "LEED Interpretation" "5323" "2008-09-30" "New Construction, Core and Shell, Schools - New Construction" "Background: The present equipment life assumptions are from Table 4, Page 36.3 of the 2007 ASHRAE Handbook - HVAC Applications. Justification: It is critical to understand that the median service life for these pieces of equipment is from statistical research by Akalin in 1976 under ASHRAE Research Project RP-186 which was tabulated and published in 1978. The footnote in the table states, ""Note that data from Akalin (1978) for these categories may be outdated and not statistically relevant. Use these data with caution until enough updated data are accumulated in Abramson et al."" Regarding the equipment service life estimates presented in the 1978 Akalin tabulation, ASHRAE makes the statement in the 2007 HVAC Applications Handbook that; ""..changes in technology, materials, manufacturing technology, and maintenance practices now call into question the continued validity of the original estimates."" It goes on to say that estimates of equipment service life not contained in ASHRAE\'s new equipment life survey (TRP-1237) now being conducted, that a service life estimate may be obtained from manufacturers, associations, consortia, or governmental agencies. Presently: * Rooftops of all sizes are designated as having a 15 year life for EAc calculations. * Chillers with scroll compressors are designated as having a 20 year life for EAc calculations. Rooftop units which had been replaced by the time of the 1976 survey and, therefore included in the statistical population, on average, would have been built in 1961. Equipment of that vintage was primarily small (less than 20 tons) packaged equipment the majority of which were used in residential or small unitary applications. Large air cooled chillers and large industrial duty packaged rooftop equipment were not readily available until the 1970\'s. By design these larger units have a longer expected service life. Due to its availability this larger equipment would not have been included in the sample population of the Akalin study. The basic design of that 1960\'s equipment used reciprocating compressors - with many more moving parts, and therefore higher failure rate than the scroll compressors available in today\'s equipment. Today both pieces of equipment (air cooled chillers and rooftop units) use scroll compression technology and in the case of an air-cooled chiller are subject to similar outdoor conditions. Therefore anecdotally, both equipment types should use the same equipment life, but it should be longer than equipment prior to 1978. Data: A program to replace less efficient rooftop equipment with newer, more efficient equipment was undertaken a number of years ago by one manufacturer (Trane) where part of the requirements for the program incentive was that statistical information had to be provided to that manufacturer. Five (5) years of data from this program is attached. While there may be some concern about the low minimum life, these are few and may have been replaced for some reason other than equipment failure (such as increased efficiency or insufficient capacity). Summary information * Sample Population: 808 units * Median life: 20 * Average life: 20.25 * Minimum life: 5 * Maximum life: 37 * Standard deviation: 4.24 Data does not vary significantly by manufacturer, although there are small data samples for all but one manufacturer. Request: Allow large rooftop equipment (20 tons or greater) using scroll compressors to use an equipment life of 20 years for Enhanced Refrigerant Management calculations." "The applicant is requesting that rooftop air conditioners greater than or equal to 20 tons using scroll compressors be allowed to use an equipment life of 20 years for the enhanced refrigerant management calculations. The LEED-NC v2.2 Reference Guide states that the default equipment lifetime for unitary, split, and packaged air conditioning units and heat pumps is 15 years, which has been extracted from the 2003 ASHRAE Applications Handbook. The request correctly identifies that more recent equipment life data has been provided by ASHRAE\'s Service Life and Maintenance Cost Database (TRP-1237), available online at http://xp20.ashrae.org/publicdatabase/. Additionally, summarized results from a Trane equipment life survey have been provided. While this information is useful, the applicant has not provided any information about the types of equipment used to determine service lives in either survey relative to the type of system installed at the project site. Regardless, the proposed methodology does not satisfy the requirements for the use of alternative equipment life values presented in the LEED-NC v2.2 Reference Guide. The LEED-NC v2.2 Reference Guide does allow project teams to use alternate values for equipment life. In order to use an alternative equipment life value, project teams must submit additional documentation specific to the proposed equipment to support the proposed equipment life (e.g., manufacturer\'s guarantee and long-term service contract). Applicable Internationally. " "None" "None" "X" "Reference Guide Correction" "100001773" "2013-04-01" "New Construction, Core and Shell, Schools - New Construction" "None" "None" "X" "Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 edition $ Green Building Design and Construction, 2009 Edition, updated June 2010" "BD+C RG 1st ed: 308 and 310 $ BD+C RG 2nd ed: 308 and 310" "Implementation" """In the third paragraph under Implementation, edit the last sentence so it now reads: """"For buildings connected to an existing chilled water system, including District Energy Systems, the chilled water supplier must perform the required calculation and submit a letter showing compliance with the requirements."""" Delete the following sentence under District Energy Systems: """"Follow the guidance in effect at the time of registration."""""" "