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Diverse uses

LT3.2 | Possible point

Intent

To encourage development within and near existing communities and public transit infrastructure. To encourage improvement and redevelopment of existing cities, suburbs, and towns while limiting the expansion of the development footprint in the region to appropriate circumstances. To reduce vehicle trips and vehicle miles traveled (VMT). To reduce the incidence of obesity, heart disease, and hypertension by encouraging daily physical activity associated with walking and bicycling.

To reduced vehicle distance traveled and automobile dependence; encourage daily walking, biking, and transit use; and support car-free living by providing walkable access to diverse uses.

To improve physical and mental health and social capital by providing a variety of open spaces close to work and home to facilitate social networking, civic engagement, physical activity, and time spent outdoors.

To improve physical and mental health and social capital by providing a variety of recreational facilities close to work and home to facilitate physical activity and social networking.

To channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.

To channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.

To channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields, and preserve habitat and natural resources. In rural areas, to increase development density on sites with existing or previously developed healthcare facilities rather than on undeveloped rural land.

To channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields, and preserve habitat and natural resources. In rural areas, to increase development density on sites with existing or previously developed healthcare facilities rather than on undeveloped rural land.

To channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.

Channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.

Channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.

Channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.

Channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.

Channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.

Channel development to urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and preserve habitat and natural resources.

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

To reduced vehicle distance traveled and automobile dependence; encourage daily walking, biking, and transit use; and support car-free living by providing walkable access to diverse uses.

To improve physical and mental health and social capital by providing a variety of open spaces close to work and home to facilitate social networking, civic engagement, physical activity, and time spent outdoors.

To improve physical and mental health and social capital by providing a variety of recreational facilities close to work and home to facilitate physical activity and social networking.

Requirements

For all projects

Either (a) locate the project on a site served by existing water and wastewater infrastructure or (b) locate the project within a legally adopted, publicly owned, planned water and wastewater service area, and provide new water and wastewater infrastructure for the project.

AND

Option 1. Infill sites

Locate the project on an infill site.

OR

 

Option 2. Adjacent sites with connectivity

Locate the project on an adjacent site (i.e., a site that is adjacent to previously developed land; see Definitions) where the connectivity of the site and adjacent land is at least 90 intersections/square mile as measured within a 1/2-mile distance of a continuous segment of the project boundary, equal to or greater than 25% of the project boundary, that is adjacent to previous development. Existing external and internal intersections may be counted if they were not constructed or funded by the project developer within the past ten years. Locate and/or design the project such that a through-street and/or nonmotorized right-of-way intersects the project boundary at least every 600 feet on average, and at least every 800 feet, connecting it with an existing street and/or right of way outside the project; nonmotorized rights-of-way may count for no more than 20% of the total. The exemptions listed in NPD Prerequisite 3, Connected and Open Community, do not apply to this option.
 

Figure 1. Adjacent and connected project site based on minimum 25% of perimeter adjacent to previously developed parcels and at least 90 eligible intersections per square mile within 1/2 mile of boundary segment adjacent to previous development

 
Figure 2. Project site with through-street right-of-way intersecting project boundary at least every 600 feet on average

Option 3. Transit corridor or route with adequate transit service

Locate the project on a site with existing and/or planned transit service such that at least 50% of dwelling units and nonresidential building entrances (inclusive of existing buildings) are within a 1/4 mile walk distance of bus and/or streetcar stops, or within a 1/2 mile walk distance of bus rapid transit stops, light or heavy rail stations, and/or ferry terminals, and the transit service at those stops in aggregate meets the minimums listed in Table 1 (both weekday and weekend trip minimums must be met).

Weekend trips must include service on both Saturday and Sunday. Commuter rail must serve more than one metropolitan statistical area (MSA) and/or the area surrounding the core of an MSA.

Table 1. Minimum daily transit service

Weekday trips Weekend trips
Projects with multiple transit types (bus, streetcar, rail, or ferry) 60 40
Projects with commuter rail or ferry service only 24 6

If transit service is planned but not yet operational, the project must demonstrate one of the following:

  1. The relevant transit agency has a signed full funding grant agreement with the Federal Transit Administration that includes a revenue operations date for the start of transit service. The revenue operations date must be no later than the occupancy date of 50% of the project’s total building square footage.
  2. For bus, streetcar, bus rapid transit, or ferry service, the transit agency must certify that it has an approved budget that includes specifically allocated funds sufficient to provide the planned service at the levels listed above and that service at these levels will commence no later than occupancy of 50% of the project’s total building square footage.
  3. For rail service other than streetcars, the transit agency must certify that preliminary engineering for a rail line has commenced. In addition, the service must meet either of these two requirements:
    • A state legislature or local subdivision of the state has authorized the transit agency to expend funds to establish rail transit service that will commence no later than occupancy of 50% of the project’s total building square footage.
    • OR

    • A municipality has dedicated funding or reimbursement commitments from future tax revenue for the development of stations, platforms, or other rail transit infrastructure that will service the project no later than occupancy of 50% of the project’s total building square footage.

Figure 3. Walking routes on pedestrian network showing distances from dwellings and Nonresidential uses to transit stops

Option 4. Sites with nearby neighborhood assets

Include a residential component equaling at least 30% of the project’s total building square footage (exclusive of portions of parking structures devoted exclusively to parking), and locate the project near existing neighborhood shops, services, and facilities (“diverse uses”; see Appendix) such that the project boundary is within 1/4-mile walk distance of at least five diverse uses, or such that the project’s geographic center is within 1/2-mile walk distance of at least seven diverse uses. In either case the qualifying uses must include at least one food retail establishment and at least one use from each of two other categories, with the following limitations:

  1. A single establishment may not be counted in two categories (e.g., a place of worship may be counted only once even if it also contains a daycare facility, and a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  2. Establishments in a mixed-use building may each count if they are distinctly operated enterprises with separate exterior entrances, but no more than half of the minimum number of diverse uses can be situated in a single building or under a common roof.
  3. Only two establishments in a single category may be counted (e.g., if five restaurants are within the required distance, only two may be counted).

Figure 4.Walking routes on pedestrian network showing distances from dwellings and Nonresidential uses to transit stops

For all projects

Locate and/or design the project such that 50% of its dwelling units are within a 1/4-mile walk distance of the number of diverse uses (see Appendix) in Table 1, including at least one use from each of the four categories. For projects with no dwellings, 50% of dwelling units within 1/4 mile of the project boundary must be within a 1/4-mile walk distance of the number of diverse uses specified in Table 1, including at least one food retail store and at least one establishment from each of two other categories. Establishments may be inside or outside the project and may be existing or planned diverse uses.

The specified number of diverse uses must be in place by the time of occupancy according to the percentages indicated in Table 1 (exclusive of portions of parking structures devoted to parking):

Diverse uses Percentage occupancy of total square footage Points
4–6 20% 1
7–10 30% 2
11–18 40% 3
≥ 19 50% 4

Per neighborhood center, the following restrictions apply:

  1. A single establishment may not be counted in two categories or as two types of diverse use (e.g., a place of worship may be counted only once even if it also contains a daycare facility, and a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  2. Establishments in a mixed-use building may each count if they are distinctly operated enterprises with separate exterior entrances, but no more than half of the minimum number of diverse uses can be situated in a single building or under a common roof.
  3. Only two establishments of a single type may be counted (e.g., if five restaurants are within the required distance, only two may be counted).
For projects 40 acres or greater

Cluster diverse uses into neighborhood centers as follows:

Diverse uses Minimum uses per neighborhood center Points
4–6 3 1
7–10 5 2
11–18 7 3
≥ 19 9 4

Within each neighborhood center, the principal entries of the establishments must be within a 300-foot walk distance from a single common point that represents the center of the cluster (1 or 2 points) or within a 400-foot walk distance (3 or 4 points).

Also, projects with multiple centers must determine points earned based on the number of uses in the centers weighted by the percentage of total dwelling units within a 1/4-mile walk distance from each center’s common point.

AND

For projects with regional-serving retail of 150,000 or more square feet

Projects with retail uses totaling 150,000 or more square feet, if they have at least one retail establishment totaling 75,000 or more square feet, must also earn a minimum of 1 point under SLL Credit 3, Locations with Reduced Automobile Dependence, Option 1, Transit-Served Location (planned transit service can be counted), and for every additional 50,000 square feet of retail above 150,000 square feet, must earn 1 additional point under SLL Credit 3.

If transit service is planned but not yet operational, the project must demonstrate one of the following:

  1. The relevant transit agency has a signed full funding grant agreement with the Federal Transit Administration that includes a revenue operations date for the start of transit service. The revenue operations date must be no later than the occupancy date of 50% of the project's total building square footage.
  2. For bus, streetcar, bus rapid transit, or ferry service, the transit agency must certify that it has an approved budget that includes specifically allocated funds sufficient to provide the planned service at the levels listed above and that service at these levels will commence no later than occupancy of 50% of the project's total building square footage.
  3. For rail service other than streetcars, the transit agency must certify that preliminary engineering for a rail line has commenced. In addition, the service must meet either of these two requirements:
    • A state legislature or local subdivision of the state has authorized the transit agency to expend funds to establish rail transit service that will commence no later than occupancy of 50% of the project’s total building square footage.
    • OR

    • A municipality has dedicated funding or reimbursement commitments from future tax revenue for the development of stations, platforms, or other rail transit infrastructure that will service the project no later than occupancy of 50% of the project’s total building square footage.

Locate and/or design the project such that a civic or passive-use space, such as a square, park, or plaza, at least 1/6 acre in area lies within a 1/4-mile walk distance of 90% of planned and existing dwelling units and nonresidential building entrances. Spaces less than 1 acre must have a proportion no narrower than 1 unit of width to 4 units of length.

AND

For projects larger than 7 acres, locate and/or design the project such that the median size of civic or passive-use spaces within and/or contiguous to the project is at least 1/2 acre.

Locate and/or design the project so that a publicly accessible outdoor recreation facility at least 1 acre in area, or a publicly accessible indoor recreational facility of at least 25,000 square feet, lies within a 1/2-mile walk distance of 90% of new and existing dwelling units and nonresidential building entrances. Outdoor recreation facilities must consist of physical improvements and may include “tot lots,” swimming pools, and sports fields, such as baseball diamonds.

Option 1: Development density

Construct or renovate a building on a previously developed site AND in a community with a minimum density of 60,000 square feet per acre net (13,800 square meters per hectare net). The density calculation is based on a typical two-story downtown development and must include the area of the project being built.

OR

Option 2: Community connectivity

Construct or renovate a building on a site that meets the following criteria:

  • Is located on a previously developed site
  • Is within 1/2 mile of a residential area or neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net
  • Is within 1/2 mile of at least 10 basic services
  • Has pedestrian access between the building and the services

For mixed-use projects, no more than 1 service within the project boundary may be counted as 1 of the 10 basic services, provided it is open to the public. No more than 2 of the 10 services required may be anticipated (i.e. at least 8 must be existing and operational). In addition, the anticipated services must demonstrate that they will be operational in the locations indicated within 1 year of occupation of the applicant project. Examples of basic services include the following:

  • Bank
  • Place of Worship
  • Convenience Grocery
  • Day Care Center
  • Cleaners
  • Fire Station
  • Beauty Salon
  • Hardware
  • Laundry
  • Library
  • Medical or Dental Office
  • Senior Care Facility
  • Park
  • Pharmacy
  • Post Office
  • Restaurant
  • School
  • Supermarket
  • Theater
  • Community Center
  • Fitness Center
  • Museum

Proximity is determined by drawing a 1/2-mile radius around a main building entrance on a site map and counting the services within that radius.

Credit substitution available

You may use the LEED v4 version of this credit on v2009 projects. For more information check out this article.

Option 1: Development density

Construct or renovate a building on a previously developed site AND in a community with a minimum density of 60,000 square feet per acre net (13,800 square meters per hectare net). The density calculation is based on a typical two-story downtown development and must include the area of the project being built.

For the purposes of this option, physical education spaces that are part of the project site, such as playing fields and associated buildings used during sporting events only (e.g., concession stands) and playgrounds with play equipment, are excluded from the development density calculations.

OR

Option 2: Community connectivity

Construct or renovate a building on a site that meets the following criteria:

  • Is located on a previously developed site
  • Is within 1/2 mile of a residential area or neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net
  • Is within 1/2 mile of at least 10 basic services
  • Has pedestrian access between the building and the services

For mixed-use projects, no more than 1 service within the project boundary may be counted as 1 of the 10 basic services, provided it is open to the public. No more than 2 of the 10 services required may be anticipated (i.e. at least 8 must be existing and operational). In addition, the anticipated services must demonstrate that they will be operational in the locations indicated within 1 year of occupation of the applicant project. Examples of basic services include the following:

  • Bank
  • Place of Worship
  • Convenience Grocery
  • Day Care Center
  • Cleaners
  • Fire Station
  • Beauty Salon
  • Hardware
  • Laundry
  • Library
  • Medical or Dental Office
  • Senior Care Facility
  • Park
  • Pharmacy
  • Post Office
  • Restaurant
  • School
  • Supermarket
  • Theater
  • Community Center
  • Fitness Center
  • Museum

Proximity is determined by drawing a 1/2-mile radius around any building entrance on a site map and counting the services within that radius.

Option 1: Development density

Construct or renovate a building on a previously developed site AND in a community with a minimum density of 60,000 square feet per acre net (13,800 square meters per hectare net). The density calculation is based on a typical two-story downtown development and must include the area of the project being built.

OR

Option 2: Community connectivity

Construct or renovate a building on a site that meets the following criteria:

  • Is located on a previously developed site
  • Is within 1/2 mile (800 meters) of a residential area or neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net
  • Is within 1/2 mile (800 meters) of at least 10 basic services
  • Has pedestrian access between the building and the services

For mixed-use projects, no more than 1 service within the project boundary may be counted as 1 of the 10 basic services, provided it is open to the public. No more than 2 of the 10 services required may be anticipated (i.e. at least 8 must be existing and operational). In addition, the anticipated services must demonstrate that they will be operational in the locations indicated within 1 year of occupation of the applicant project. Examples of basic services include the following:

  • Bank
  • Place of Worship
  • Convenience Grocery
  • Day Care Center
  • Cleaners
  • Fire Station
  • Beauty Salon
  • Hardware
  • Laundry
  • Library
  • Medical or Dental Office
  • Senior Care Facility
  • Park
  • Pharmacy
  • Post Office
  • Restaurant
  • School
  • Supermarket
  • Theater
  • Community Center
  • Fitness Center
  • Museum
  • Hotel
  • Medical Device Supplier
  • Home Healthcare Service Provider
  • Healthcare Support Agencies
  • Family Support Facility
  • Rehabilitation Facility

Proximity is determined by drawing a 1/2-mile (800 meter) radius around a main building entrance on a site map and counting the services within that radius.

Option 3: Existing rural sites1

For previously developed existing rural healthcare campus sites, achieve a minimum development density of 30,000 square feet per acre (6,900 square meters per hectare).

1For the purposes of this credit, “rural land” is defined in accordance with U.S. Census Bureau definitions: settlements comprising less than 2,500 persons, areas outside incorporated census designated places and the rural portions of extended cities. For additional information, visit http://www.census.gov/population/censusdata/urdef.txt.

Option 1: Development density

Construct or renovate a building on a previously developed site AND in a community with a minimum density of 60,000 square feet per acre net (13,800 square meters per hectare net). The density calculation is based on a typical two-story downtown development and must include the area of the project being built.

OR

Option 2: Community connectivity

Construct or renovate a building on a site that meets the following criteria:

  • Is located on a previously developed site
  • Is within 1/2 mile (800 meters) of a residential area or neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net
  • Is within 1/2 mile (800 meters) of at least 10 basic services
  • Has pedestrian access between the building and the services

For mixed-use projects, no more than 1 service within the project boundary may be counted as 1 of the 10 basic services, provided it is open to the public. No more than 2 of the 10 services required may be anticipated (i.e. at least 8 must be existing and operational). In addition, the anticipated services must demonstrate that they will be operational in the locations indicated within 1 year of occupation of the applicant project. Examples of basic services include the following:

  • Bank
  • Place of Worship
  • Convenience Grocery
  • Day Care Center
  • Cleaners
  • Fire Station
  • Beauty Salon
  • Hardware
  • Laundry
  • Library
  • Medical or Dental Office
  • Senior Care Facility
  • Park
  • Pharmacy
  • Post Office
  • Restaurant
  • School
  • Supermarket
  • Theater
  • Community Center
  • Fitness Center
  • Museum

Proximity is determined by drawing a 1/2-mile (800 meter) radius around a main building entrance on a site map and counting the services within that radius.

Greenfield developments and projects that do not use existing infrastructure are not eligible.

Option 1: Development density

Select space in a building that is located in an established, walkable community with a minimum density of 60,000 square feet per acre net (13,800 square meters per hectare net). The density calculation is based on a typical two-story downtown development and must include the area of the project being built.

OR

Option 2: Community connectivity

Select space in a building on a site that meets the following criteria:

  • Is located within 1/2-mile (800 meters) of a residential area or neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net.
  • Is within 1/2-mile (800 meters) of at least 10 basic services.
  • Has pedestrian access between the building and the services.

For mixed-use projects, no more than 1 service within the project boundary may be counted as 1 of the 10 basic services, provided it is open to the public. No more than 2 of the 10 services required may be anticipated (i.e., at least 8 must be existing and operational). In addition, the anticipated services must be documented appropriately to demonstrate that they will be operational in the locations indicated within 1 year of occupation of the applicant’s project. Examples of basic services include the following:

  • Bank
  • Place of Worship
  • Convenience Grocery
  • Day Care Center
  • Cleaners
  • Fire Station
  • Beauty Salon
  • Hardware
  • Laundry
  • Library
  • Medical or Dental Office
  • Senior Care Facility
  • Park
  • Pharmacy
  • Post Office
  • Restaurant
  • School
  • Supermarket
  • Theater
  • Community Center
  • Fitness Center
  • Museum

Proximity is determined by drawing a 1/2-mile (800 meter) radius around a main building entrance on a site map and counting the services within that radius.

Greenfield developments and projects that do not use existing infrastructure are not eligible.

Option 1 — development density

Construct or renovate building on a previously developed site AND in a community with a minimum density of 60,000 square feet per acre net (Note: density calculation must include the area of the project being built and is based on a typical two-story downtown development).

OR

Option 2 — community connectivity

Construct or renovate building on a previously developed site AND within 1/2 mile of a residential zone or neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net AND within 1/2 mile of at least 10 basic sServices AND with pedestrian access between the building and the services.

Basic services include, but are not limited to:

  1. Bank;
  2. Place of worship;
  3. Convenience grocery;
  4. Day care;
  5. Cleaners;
  6. Fire station;
  7. Beauty;
  8. Hardware;
  9. Laundry;
  10. Library;
  11. Medical/Dental;
  12. Senior care facility;
  13. Park;
  14. Pharmacy;
  15. Post office;
  16. Restaurant;
  17. School;
  18. Supermarket;
  19. Theater;
  20. Community center;
  21. Fitness center;
  22. Museum.

Proximity is determined by drawing a 1/2 mile radius around the main building entrance on a site map and counting the services within that radius.

  • Select space in a building that is located in an established, walkable community with a minimum density of 60,000 square feet per acre net (two-story downtown development),

OR

  • Select space in a building that is located within ½ mile of a residential zone or neighborhood (with an average density of 10 units per acre net),
    AND
  • The building has pedestrian access to at least 10 of the basic services below within ½ mile:
    1) Bank; 2) Place of Worship; 3) Convenience Grocery; 4) Day Care; 5) Cleaners; 6) Fire Station; 7) Hair Care; 8) Hardware; 9) Laundry; 10) Library; 11) Medical/Dental; 12) Senior Care Facility; 13) Park; 14) Pharmacy; 15) Post Office; 16) Restaurant; 17) School; 18) Supermarket; 19) Commercial Office; 20) Community Center, and other recognized services evaluated on their merit.

Greenfield developments and projects that do not use existing infrastructure are not eligible.

Option 1 — development density

Construct or renovate building on a previously developed site AND in a community with a minimum density of 60,000 square feet per acre net (Note: density calculation must include the area of the project being built and is based on a typical two-story downtown development).

For the purposes of this option, physical education spaces that have been included as part of the project site such as playing fields and associated buildings used during sporting events only (such as concession stands) and playgrounds with play equipment are excluded from the development density calculations.

OR

Option 2 — community connectivity

Construct or renovate building on a previously developed site AND within 1/2 mile of a residential zone or neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net AND within 1/2 mile of at least 10 basic sServices AND with pedestrian access between the building and the services.

Basic services include, but are not limited to:

  1. Bank;
  2. Place of worship;
  3. Convenience grocery;
  4. Day care;
  5. Cleaners;
  6. Fire station;
  7. Beauty;
  8. Hardware;
  9. Laundry;
  10. Library;
  11. Medical/Dental;
  12. Senior care facility;
  13. Park;
  14. Pharmacy;
  15. Post office;
  16. Restaurant;
  17. School;
  18. Supermarket;
  19. Theater;
  20. Community center;
  21. Fitness center;
  22. Museum.

Proximity is determined by drawing a 1/2 mile radius around the main building entrance on a site map and counting the services within that radius.

Option 1 — development density

Construct or renovate building on a previously developed site AND in a community with a minimum density of 60,000 square feet per acre net (Note: density calculation must include the area of the project being built and is based on a typical two-story downtown development).

OR

Option 2 — community connectivity

Construct or renovate building on a previously developed site AND within 1/2 mile of a residential zone or neighborhood with an average density of 10 units per acre net AND within 1/2 mile of at least 10 basic sServices AND with pedestrian access between the building and the services.

Basic services include, but are not limited to:

  1. Bank;
  2. Place of worship;
  3. Convenience grocery;
  4. Day care;
  5. Cleaners;
  6. Fire station;
  7. Beauty;
  8. Hardware;
  9. Laundry;
  10. Library;
  11. Medical/Dental;
  12. Senior care facility;
  13. Park;
  14. Pharmacy;
  15. Post office;
  16. Restaurant;
  17. School;
  18. Supermarket;
  19. Theater;
  20. Community center;
  21. Fitness center;
  22. Museum.

Proximity is determined by drawing a 1/2 mile radius around the main building entrance on a site map and counting the services within that radius.

Increase localized density to conform to existing or desired density goals by utilizing sites that are located within an existing minimum development density of 60,000 square feet per acre (two story downtown development).

Increase localized density to conform to existing or desired density goals by utilizing sites that are located within an existing minimum development density of 60,000 square feet per acre (two story downtown development).

Option 2. Diverse uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of four to seven (1 point) or eight or more (2 points) existing and publicly available diverse uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

Appendix 1. Use types and categories

Option 2. Diverse uses (1 point)

Construct or renovate a building on a site such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of at least seven existing and publicly accessible uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use may be counted as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g., if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

Category Use type
Food retail Supermarket
Grocery with produce section
Community-serving retail Convenience store
Farmers market
Hardware store
Pharmacy
Other retail
Services Bank
Family entertainment venue (e.g., theater, sports)
Gym, health club, exercise studio
Hair care
Laundry, dry cleaner
Restaurant, café, diner (excluding those with only drive-thru service)
Civic and community facilities Adult or senior care (licensed)
Child care (licensed)
Community or recreation center
Cultural arts facility (museum, performing arts)
Education facility (e.g., K—12 school, university, adult education center, vocational school, community college)
Government office that serves public on-site
Medical clinic or office that treats patients
Place of worship
Police or fire station
Post office
Public library
Public park
Social services center
Community anchor uses (BD&C and ID&C only) Commercial office (100 or more full-time equivalent jobs)
Housing (100 or more dwelling units)

Option 2. Transportation resources (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate the project on a site that has two or three (1 point) or four (2 points) of the following transportation resources:

  • The site is within a 10-mile (16 kilometer) driving distance of a main logistics hub, defined as an airport, seaport, intermodal facility, or freight village with intermodal transportation.
  • The site is within a 1-mile (1600-meter) driving distance of an on-off ramp to a highway.
  • The site is within a 1-mile (1600-meter) driving distance of an access point to an active freight rail line.
  • The site is served by an active freight rail spur.

In all cases, a planned transportation resource must be sited, funded, and under construction by the date of the certificate of occupancy and complete within 24 months of that date.

Option 1. Surrounding density (2–3 points)

Locate on a site whose surrounding existing density within a ¼-mile [400-meter] radius of the project boundary meets the values in Table 1. Use either the “separate residential and nonresidential densities” or the “combined density” values.

Table 1a. Points for average density within 1/4 mile of project site (imperial units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C (Core and Shell) Points
ID&C
Square feet per acre of buildable land Residential density (DU/acre) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
22,000 7 0.5 2 2 3
35,000 12 0.8 3 4 6

Table 1b. Points for average density within 400 meters of project site (metric units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C
(Core and Shell)
Points
ID&C
Square meters per hectare of buildable land Residential density (DU/hectare) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
5,050 17.5 0.5 2 2 3
8,035 30 0.8 3 4 6

DU = dwelling unit; FAR = floor-area ratio.

AND/OR

Option 2. Diverse uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of four to seven (1 point) or eight or more (2 points) existing and publicly available diverse uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

Appendix 1. Use types and categories

Option 1. Surrounding density (2–3 points)

Locate on a site whose surrounding existing density within a ¼-mile [400-meter] radius of the project boundary meets the values in Table 1. Use either the “separate residential and nonresidential densities” or the “combined density” values.

Table 1a. Points for average density within 1/4 mile of project site (imperial units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C (Core and Shell) Points
ID&C
Square feet per acre of buildable land Residential density (DU/acre) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
22,000 7 0.5 2 2 3
35,000 12 0.8 3 4 6

Table 1b. Points for average density within 400 meters of project site (metric units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C
(Core and Shell)
Points
ID&C
Square meters per hectare of buildable land Residential density (DU/hectare) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
5,050 17.5 0.5 2 2 3
8,035 30 0.8 3 4 6

DU = dwelling unit; FAR = floor-area ratio.

Physical education spaces that are part of the project site, such as playing fields and associated buildings used during sporting events only (e.g., concession stands) and playgrounds with play equipment, are excluded from the development density calculations.

AND/OR

Option 2. Diverse uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of four to seven (1 point) or eight or more (2 points) existing and publicly available diverse uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

Appendix 1. Use types and categories

Option 1. Surrounding Density (2–4 points)

Locate on a previously developed site whose density in the surrounding area (i.e., within a ¼-mile [400-meter] radius of the project boundary) meets or exceeds the values in Table 1. Projects may calculate surrounding density using either the “separate residential and nonresidential densities” or the “combined density” values.

The counted density must be existing density, not zoned density.

Table 1a. Points for average density within 1/4 mile of project site (imperial units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C (Core and Shell) Points
ID&C
Square feet per acre of buildable land Residential density (DU/acre) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
22,000 7 0.5 2 2 3
35,000 12 0.8 3 4 6

Table 1b. Points for average density within 400 meters of project site (metric units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C
(Core and Shell)
Points
ID&C
Square meters per hectare of buildable land Residential density (DU/hectare) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
5,050 17.5 0.5 2 2 3
8,035 30 0.8 3 4 6

DU = dwelling unit; FAR = floor-area ratio.

If the surrounding residential and nonresidential densities are of different point values, use a weighted average of the two.

AND/OR

Option 2. Diverse uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of four to seven (1 point) or eight or more (2 points) existing and publicly available diverse uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

Appendix 1. Use types and categories

Option 1. Development and adjacency (2–3 points)

Construct or renovate the project on a previously developed site that was used for industrial or commercial purposes (2 points).
OR
Construct or renovate the project on a site that is both a previously developed and an adjacent site. The adjacent sites must be currently used for industrial or commercial purposes (3 points).

AND/OR

Option 2. Transportation resources (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate the project on a site that has two or three (1 point) or four (2 points) of the following transportation resources:

  • The site is within a 10-mile (16 kilometer) driving distance of a main logistics hub, defined as an airport, seaport, intermodal facility, or freight village with intermodal transportation.
  • The site is within a 1-mile (1600-meter) driving distance of an on-off ramp to a highway.
  • The site is within a 1-mile (1600-meter) driving distance of an access point to an active freight rail line.
  • The site is served by an active freight rail spur.

In all cases, a planned transportation resource must be sited, funded, and under construction by the date of the certificate of occupancy and complete within 24 months of that date.

Option 1. Surrounding density (1 point)

Locate on a site whose surrounding existing density within a ¼-mile (400-meter) radius of the project boundary is:

  1. At least 7 dwelling units per acre (17.5 DU per hectare) with a 0.5 floor-area ratio. The counted density must be existing density, not zoned density, or
  2. At least 22,000 square feet per acre (5 050 square meters per hectare) of buildable land.

For previously developed existing rural healthcare campus sites, achieve a minimum development density of 30,000 square feet per acre (6890 square meters per hectare).

AND/OR

Option 2. Diverse uses (1 point)

Construct or renovate a building on a site such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of at least seven existing and publicly accessible uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use may be counted as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g., if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

Category Use type
Food retail Supermarket
Grocery with produce section
Community-serving retail Convenience store
Farmers market
Hardware store
Pharmacy
Other retail
Services Bank
Family entertainment venue (e.g., theater, sports)
Gym, health club, exercise studio
Hair care
Laundry, dry cleaner
Restaurant, café, diner (excluding those with only drive-thru service)
Civic and community facilities Adult or senior care (licensed)
Child care (licensed)
Community or recreation center
Cultural arts facility (museum, performing arts)
Education facility (e.g., K—12 school, university, adult education center, vocational school, community college)
Government office that serves public on-site
Medical clinic or office that treats patients
Place of worship
Police or fire station
Post office
Public library
Public park
Social services center
Community anchor uses (BD&C and ID&C only) Commercial office (100 or more full-time equivalent jobs)
Housing (100 or more dwelling units)

Option 1. Surrounding Density (3-6 points)
Locate on a site whose surrounding existing density within a ¼-mile [400-meter] radius of the project boundary meets the values in Table 1. Use either the “separate residential and nonresidential densities” or the “combined density” values.

Table 1a. Points for average density within 1/4 mile of project (imperial units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C (Core and Shell) Points
ID&C
Square feet per acre of buildable land Residential density (DU/acre) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
22,000 7 0.5 2 2 3
35,000 12 0.8 3 4 6

Table 1b. Points for average density within 400 meters of project (metric units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C
(Core and Shell)
Points
ID&C
Square meters per hectare of buildable land Residential density (DU/hectare) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
5,050 17.5 0.5 2 2 3
8,035 30 0.8 3 4 6

If the surrounding residential and nonresidential densities are of different point values, use a weighted average of the two.

AND/OR

Option 2. Diverse uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of four to seven (1 point) or eight or more (2 points) existing and publicly available diverse uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

Appendix 1. Use types and categories

Option 4. Sites with nearby neighborhood assets

Include a residential component equaling at least 30% of the project’s total building gross floor area (exclusive of portions of parking structures devoted exclusively to parking) and locate the project near existing uses (see Appendix 1) such that the project boundary is within a ¼-mile (400-meter) walking distance of at least five uses, or such that the project’s geographic center is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of at least seven uses.
The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g., if five restaurants are within the required distance, only two may be counted).
  • The uses accessible to the project must represent at least two categories.
Option 2. Diversity of uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (400-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of four to seven (1 point) or eight or more (2 points) operating and publicly available uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.
  • Option 2: Transportation Resources

    Construct or renovate the project on a site that has two or three (1 point) or four (2 points) of the following transportation resources:

    • The site is within a 10-mile (16 kilometer) driving distance of an airport, seaport, intermodal facility, or freight village with intermodal transportation.
    • The site is within a 1-mile (1600-meter) driving distance of an on-off ramp to a highway.
    • The site is within a 1-mile (1600-meter) driving distance of an access point to an active freight rail line.
    • The site is served by an active freight rail line.
    • In all cases, a planned transportation resource must be sited, funded, and under construction by the date of the certificate of occupancy and complete within 24 months of that date.

      Option 2. Diverse uses (1 point)

      Construct or renovate a building on a site such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of at least seven operational and publicly accessible uses (listed in Appendix 1).

      The following restrictions apply.

      • A use may be counted as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
      • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g., if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
      • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.
      • Locate or design the project such that 50% of its dwelling units are within a 1/4-mile (400-meter) walking distance of the number of uses (see Appendix) listed in Table 1. For projects with no dwelling units, 50% of dwelling units within a 1/4-mile (400-meter) walking distance of the project boundary must be within a 1/4-mile (400-meter) walking distance of the number of uses within the project specified in Table 1.

        The specified number of uses must be in place by the time of 50% occupancy of total building floor area (exclusive of portions of parking structures devoted to parking).

        Table 1. Points for uses within 1/4-mile (400-meter) walking distance, by percentage of occupancy

        Diverse uses Points
        4–7 1
        8–11 2
        12–19 3
        ≥ 20 4

        The following restrictions apply.

        • A use may be counted as only one use type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
        • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g., if five restaurants are within the required distance, only two may be counted).
        • The uses accessible to each counted dwelling unit must represent at least two categories.

        For projects with regional-serving retail of 150,000 or more square feet (13 935 square meters) only

        Additionally, a project that has at least one large retail use (defined as a use totaling 75,000 or more square feet [7000 or more square meters]), must also meet at least the 2-point threshold for transit service under SLL Credit Access to Quality Transit. In this case, planned transit service can be counted. Each large retail use must be served by at least one transit stop providing trips that qualify under that SLL Credit.

        If transit service is planned but not yet operational, the project must demonstrate one of the following:

        1. The relevant transit agency has a signed full-funding grant agreement with the Federal Transit Administration (or equivalent national agency for projects outside of the U.S.) that includes a revenue operations date for the start of transit service. The revenue operations date must be no later than the day by which 50% of the project’s total building floor area will be occupied.
        2. For bus, streetcar, bus rapid transit, or ferry service, the transit agency must certify that it has an approved budget that includes specifically allocated funds sufficient to provide the planned service at the levels listed above and that service at these levels will begin no later than the day by which 50% of the project’s total building floor area will be occupied.
        3. For rail service other than streetcars, the transit agency must certify that preliminary engineering for a rail line has begun. In addition, the service must meet either of these two requirements:
          • A state legislature or local subdivision of the state (or local government for projects outside the U.S.) has authorized the transit agency to expend funds to establish rail transit service that will begin no later than the date by which 50% of the project’s total building floor area will be occupied.
          • OR

          • A local government has dedicated funding or reimbursement commitments from future tax revenue for the development of stations, platforms, or other rail transit infrastructure that will serve the project no later than the date by which 50% of the project’s total building floor area will be occupied.

        Locate or design the project such that a civic or passive-use space, such as a square, park, or plaza, at least 1/6 acre (675 square meters) in area lies within a ¼-mile (400-meter) walking distance of 90% of planned and existing dwelling units and nonresidential use entrances. Spaces less than 1 acre (0.4 hectares) must have a proportion no narrower than 1 unit of width to 4 units of length.

        Projects larger than 10 acres (4 hectares) must have a median space size of at least 1 acre (.4 hectares). Spaces over ½ acre (0.2 hectares) that are used to meet the 90% threshold are included in the median calculation.

        Locate or design the project so that a publicly accessible outdoor recreation facility at least 1 acre (0.4 hectares) in area, or a publicly accessible indoor recreational facility of at least 25,000 square feet (2325 square meters), lies within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of 90% of new and existing dwelling units and nonresidential use entrances. Outdoor recreation facilities must consist of physical improvements and may include “tot lots,” swimming pools, and sports fields, such as baseball diamonds.

        Locate or design the project such that 50% of its dwelling units are within a 1/4-mile (400-meter) walking distance of the number of uses (see Appendix) listed in Table 1. For projects with no dwelling units, 50% of dwelling units within a 1/4-mile (400-meter) walking distance of the project boundary must be within a 1/4-mile (400-meter) walking distance of the number of uses within the project specified in Table 1.

        The specified number of uses must be in place by the time of 50% occupancy of total building floor area (exclusive of portions of parking structures devoted to parking).

        Table 1. Points for uses within 1/4-mile (400-meter) walking distance, by percentage of occupancy

        Diverse uses Points
        4–7 1
        8–11 2
        12–19 3
        ≥ 20 4

        The following restrictions apply.

        • A use may be counted as only one use type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
        • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g., if five restaurants are within the required distance, only two may be counted).
        • The uses accessible to each counted dwelling unit must represent at least two categories.

        For projects with regional-serving retail of 150,000 or more square feet (13 935 square meters) only

        Additionally, a project that has at least one large retail use (defined as a use totaling 75,000 or more square feet [7000 or more square meters]), must also meet at least the 2-point threshold for transit service under SLL Credit Access to Quality Transit. In this case, planned transit service can be counted. Each large retail use must be served by at least one transit stop providing trips that qualify under that SLL Credit.

        If transit service is planned but not yet operational, the project must demonstrate one of the following:

        1. The relevant transit agency has a signed full-funding grant agreement with the Federal Transit Administration (or equivalent national agency for projects outside of the U.S.) that includes a revenue operations date for the start of transit service. The revenue operations date must be no later than the day by which 50% of the project’s total building floor area will be occupied.
        2. For bus, streetcar, bus rapid transit, or ferry service, the transit agency must certify that it has an approved budget that includes specifically allocated funds sufficient to provide the planned service at the levels listed above and that service at these levels will begin no later than the day by which 50% of the project’s total building floor area will be occupied.
        3. For rail service other than streetcars, the transit agency must certify that preliminary engineering for a rail line has begun. In addition, the service must meet either of these two requirements:
          • A state legislature or local subdivision of the state (or local government for projects outside the U.S.) has authorized the transit agency to expend funds to establish rail transit service that will begin no later than the date by which 50% of the project’s total building floor area will be occupied.
          • OR

          • A local government has dedicated funding or reimbursement commitments from future tax revenue for the development of stations, platforms, or other rail transit infrastructure that will serve the project no later than the date by which 50% of the project’s total building floor area will be occupied.

        Locate or design the project such that a civic or passive-use space, such as a square, park, or plaza, at least 1/6 acre (675 square meters) in area lies within a ¼-mile (400-meter) walking distance of 90% of planned and existing dwelling units and nonresidential use entrances. Spaces less than 1 acre (0.4 hectares) must have a proportion no narrower than 1 unit of width to 4 units of length.

        Projects larger than 10 acres (4 hectares) must have a median space size of at least 1 acre (.4 hectares). Spaces over ½ acre (0.2 hectares) that are used to meet the 90% threshold are included in the median calculation.

        Locate or design the project so that a publicly accessible outdoor recreation facility at least 1 acre (0.4 hectares) in area, or a publicly accessible indoor recreational facility of at least 25,000 square feet (2325 square meters), lies within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of 90% of new and existing dwelling units and nonresidential use entrances. Outdoor recreation facilities must consist of physical improvements and may include “tot lots,” swimming pools, and sports fields, such as baseball diamonds.

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