Low-emitting materials - systems furniture and seating | U.S. Green Building Council
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LEED ID+C: Commercial Interiors | v2 - LEED 2.0

Low-emitting materials - systems furniture and seating

EQc4.5 | Possible 1 point


Reduce the quantity of indoor air contaminants that are odorous, irritating and/or harmful to the comfort and well-being of installers and occupants.


All systems furniture and seating* introduced into the project space that has been manufactured, refurbished or refinished within one year prior to occupancy must meet one of the requirements below.

  • Option A: Greenguard Indoor Air Quality Certified
  • Option B: Calculated indoor air concentrations that are less than or equal to those established in Table 1 for furniture systems and seating determined by a procedure based on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Large Chamber Test Protocol for Measuring Emissions of VOCs and Aldehydes (September 1999) testing protocol conducted in an independent air quality testing laboratory.

Table 1. Indoor Air Concentrations

Chemical Contaminant Emission Limits Systems Furniture Emission Limits Multiple Office Seating
TVOC 0.5 mg/m3 0.25 mg/m3
Formaldehyde 50 parts per billion 25 parts per billion
Total Aldehydes 100 parts per billion 50 parts per billion
4 – PC (as an odorant) 0.0065 mg/m3 0.00325 mg/m3

Systems furniture is defined as either a panel-based workstation comprised of modular interconnecting panels, hang-on components and drawer/filing components or a freestanding grouping of furniture items and their components that have been designed to work in concert.

Seating is defined as task and guest chairs used with systems furniture.

*Furniture other than systems furniture and task and guest chairs used with systems furniture is defined as occasional furniture and is excluded from the credit requirements.

Salvaged and used furniture that is more than one year old at time of occupancy is excluded from the credit requirements.

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