Site development - protect or restore habitat | U.S. Green Building Council
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LEED BD+C: New Construction | v3 - LEED India 2011

Site development - protect or restore habitat

SSc5.1 | Possible 1 point


To conserve existing natural areas and restore damaged areas to provide habitat and promote biodiversity.


CASE 1. Greenfield Sites4

Limit all site disturbance to the following parameters:

  • 40 feet (12 meters) beyond the building perimeter;
  • 10 feet (3 meters) beyond surface walkways, patios, surface parking and utilities less than 12 inches (30 centimeters) in diameter;
  • 15 feet (4.5 meters) beyond primary roadway curbs and main utility branch trenches;
  • 25 feet (8 meters) beyond constructed areas with permeable surfaces (such as pervious paving areas, stormwater detention facilities and playing fields) that require additional staging areas to limit compaction in the constructed area.
CASE 2. Previously Developed5 Areas or Graded Sites

Restore or protect a minimum of 50% of the site (excluding the building footprint) or 20% of the total site area (including building footprint), whichever is greater, with native or adapted vegetation6. Projects earning SS Credit 2: Development Density and Community Connectivity may include vegetated roof surface in this calculation if the plants are native or adapted, provide habitat, and promote biodiversity.

4 Greenfield sites are those that are not previously developed or graded and remain in a natural state. Rural landscapes are considered the same as greenfield sites. A rural landscape is a natural area modified by agro-forestry-pastoral activities, with environmental, aesthetic, cultural and historical values resulting from the interrelationship between its physical and biological aspects and traditional human activities.
5 Previously developed areas are those that previously contained buildings, roadways, parking lots or were graded or altered by direct human activities.
6 Native or adapted plants are plants indigenous to a locality or cultivars of native plants that are adapted to the local climate and are not considered invasive species or noxious weeds.
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