Appendix 2. Default occupancy counts | U.S. Green Building Council
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LEED BD+C: New Construction | v4 - LEED v4

Appendix 2. Default occupancy counts



Use Table 1 to calculate default occupancy counts. Only use the occupancy estimates if occupancy is unknown.

For the calculation, use gross floor area, not net or leasable floor area. Gross floor area is defined as the sum of all areas on all floors of a building included within the outside faces of the exterior wall, including common areas, mechanical spaces, circulation areas, and all floor penetrations that connect one floor to another. To determine gross floor area, multiply the building footprint (in square feet or square meters) by the number of floors in the building. Exclude underground or structured parking from the calculation.

Table 1. Default Occupancy Numbers

  Gross square feet per occupant Gross square meters per occupant
  Employees Transients Employees Transients
General office 250 0 23 0
Retail, general 550 130 51 12
Retail or service (e.g., financial, auto) 600 130 56 12
Restaurant 435 95 40 9
Grocery store 550 115 51 11
Medical office 225 330 21 31
R&D or laboratory 400 0 37 0
Warehouse, distribution 2,500 0 232 0
Warehouse, storage 20,000 0 1860 0
Hotel 1,500 700 139 65
Educational, daycare 630 105 59 10
Educational, K–12 1,300 140 121 13
Educational, postsecondary 2,100 150 195 14

ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1–2004 (Atlanta, GA, 2004).
2001 Uniform Plumbing Code (Los Angeles, CA)
California Public Utilities Commission, 2004–2005 Database for Energy Efficiency Resources (DEER) Update Study (2008).
California State University, Capital Planning, Design and Construction Section VI, Standards for Campus Development Programs ( Long Beach, CA, 2002).
City of Boulder Planning Department, Projecting Future Employment—How Much Space per Person (Boulder, 2002).
Metro, 1999 Employment Density Study (Portland, OR 1999).
American Hotel and Lodging Association, Lodging Industry Profile Washington, DC, 2008.
LEED for Core & Shell Core Committee, personal communication (2003 - 2006).
LEED for Retail Core Committee, personal communication (2007)
OWP/P, Medical Office Building Project Averages (Chicago, 2008).
OWP/P, University Master Plan Projects (Chicago, 2008).
U.S. General Services Administration, Childcare Center Design Guide (Washington, DC,2003).

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