Optimize energy performance | U.S. Green Building Council
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LEED BD+C: New Construction | v3 - LEED India 2011

Optimize energy performance

EAc1 | Possible 19 points


To achieve increasing levels of energy performance beyond the prerequisite standard to reduce environmental and economic impacts associated with excessive energy use.


Project teams documenting achievement using the below approach are assumed to be in compliance with EA Prerequisite 2: Minimum Energy Performance.

Whole Building Energy Simulation (1–19 points)

Demonstrate a percentage improvement in the proposed building performance rating compared with the baseline building performance rating. Calculate the baseline building performance according to Appendix G of ANSI / ASHRAE / IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 (with errata but without addenda19) using a computer
simulation model for the whole building project. The minimum energy cost savings percentage for each point threshold is as follows:

New Buildings Existing Building Renovations Points
12% 8% 1
14% 10% 2
16% 12% 3
18% 14% 4
20% 16% 5
22% 18% 6
24% 20% 7
26% 22% 8
28% 24% 9
30% 26% 10
32% 28% 11
34% 30% 12
36% 32% 13
38% 34% 14
40% 36% 15
42% 38% 16
44% 40% 17
46% 42% 18
48% 44% 19

Appendix G of Standard 90.1-2007 requires that the energy analysis done for the building performance rating method include all the energy costs associated with the building project. To achieve points under this credit, the proposed design must meet the following criteria:

  • Compliance with the mandatory provisions (Sections 5.4, 6.4, 7.4, 8.4, 9.4 and 10.4) in Standard 90.1-2007 (with errata but without addenda).
  • Inclusion of all the energy costs within and associated with the building project.
  • Comparison against a baseline building that complies with Appendix G of Standard 90.1-2007 (with errata but without addenda). The default process energy cost is 25% of the total energy cost for the baseline building. If the building’s process energy cost is less than 25% of the baseline building energy cost, the LEED submittal must include documentation substantiating that process energy inputs are appropriate.

For the purpose of this analysis, process energy is considered to include, but is not limited to, office and general miscellaneous equipment, computers, elevators and escalators, kitchen cooking and refrigeration, laundry washing and drying, lighting exempt from the lighting power allowance (e.g., lighting integral to medical equipment) and other (e.g., waterfall pumps).

Regulated (non-process) energy includes lighting (e.g., for the interior, parking garage, surface parking, façade, or building grounds, etc. except as noted above), heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) (e.g., for space heating, space cooling, fans, pumps, toilet exhaust, parking garage ventilation, kitchen hood exhaust, etc.), and service water heating for domestic or space heating purposes.

For this credit, process loads must be identical for both the baseline building performance rating and the proposed building performance rating. However, project teams may follow the exceptional calculation method (ANSI / ASHRAE / IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 G2.5) to document measures that reduce process loads. Documentation of process load energy savings must include a list of the assumptions made for both the base and proposed design, and theoretical or empirical information supporting these assumptions.


Demonstrate performance that is equivalent to the above requirements by substituting appropriate benchmarks, protocols and metrics that use a local standard for establishing a baseline, and measure performance relative to that baseline.

The desired comfort temperature range can be taken upto a maximum of 26 ± 2 deg C. In whole building simulation, the same comfort temperature range should be applied for both the base case and design case.
19 Project teams wishing to use ASHRAE approved addenda for the purposes of this credit may do so at their discretion. Addenda must be applied consistently across all LEED credits.
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